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Uniwersytet SWPS - Logo

The Expertise Bias: its psychological mechanisms, sources and consequences on the example of epistemic authority ascribed to economic experts

The Expertise Bias:its psychological mechanisms, sources and consequences on the example of epistemic authority ascribed to economic experts

principal investigator
Tomasz Zaleśkiewicz
Professor

Social psychologist, specializing in behavioral economics, neuroeconomics and game theory

Full bio
project value: PLN 350,740
funding source : National Science Center
discipline: psychology
research center: Institute of Psychology
location: Wrocław
duration: 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Consumers make decisions related to investing money, taking bank loans or buying insurance policies. They often consult their choices with financial experts. In the present project we carry out experiments showing how consumers estimate authority of those experts and which cognitive biases they commit in the estimation proces.

 

RESEARCH PROJECT

The Expertise Bias:

 its psychological mechanisms, sources and consequences on the example of epistemic authority ascribed to economic experts

 

 

Research Unit
UNI SWPS english
Grant Amount
350 740 PLN
Funding Source
NCN logo poziom en2

Duration of Research Project: 2013–2017


Consumers make decisions related to investing money, taking bank loans or buying insurance policies. They often consult their choices with financial experts. In the present project we carry out experiments showing how consumers estimate authority of those experts and which cognitive biases they commit in the estimation proces.

Research objectives

The main goal of the present project will be to study how lay people perceive and evaluate epistemic authority (denoting a source of information which has a determinative influence on the acquisition of knowledge) in the field of economic expertise. In our research we also introduce and empirically test the term “expertise bias”. It is defined as a systematic inclination to treat the opinion of a certain source of expertise as incontrovertible and trustworthy, and to use it as a basis for making own judgments and decisions, independently of the factual level of such expertise, but relying on superficial premises. As mentioned, we would study this bias in the field of economic expertise, because to our good knowledge no research in economic or cognitive psychology examined how lay people ascribe epistemic authority to experts in this field.

Other more specific goals (research questions) that are associated with particular research tasks are following:

  • To what degree biases that were found in studies on perceiving epistemic authority in medicine (Barnoy, Ofra, & Bar- Tal, 2012; Barnoy, Levy, & Bar- Tal, 2009; Bar-Tal, Stasiuk, & Maksymiuk, in press), such as trusting in active and broader advice more than in a narrower and passive advice, are also present in people’s evaluation of epistemic authority in economics?
  • How different features of recommendations given by financial experts (e.g., the type or riskiness of action that is advised to be taken) influence the perception of epistemic authority and the processing of knowledge?
  • How processing of knowledge acquired from experts depends on the so-called self-epistemic authority, i.e., perceived own knowledge in a certain field?
  • How the strength of the need for cognitive closure (Kruglanski, 2004) and individual propensity to take economic risks affect processing knowledge acquired from experts and evaluating epistemic authority in the field of economics?
  • What is the interdependence between the perception of economic epistemic authority and making financial choices in different areas (e.g., making financial transactions, buying insurance policies, taking bank loans)?

Research Team

Gąsiorowska, Agata
Bio
Tak
Permanent employee
Tak
Role in the Faculty
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Role in the Department
{"funkcja-w-katedrze0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Department of Economic Psychology"}}
Role in the Institute
{"funkcja-w-instytucie0":{"Funkcja":"Vice-Director","\u0141\u0105cznik":"of the","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Institute of Psychology"}}
Specialization
Psychologist, specializing in economic psychology
First and last name
Agata Gąsiorowska
Academic degree or title
Ph.D. / Associate Professor
City
wroclaw
Discipline
psychology
Position
profesor uczelni
Role in the Research Center
{"funkcja-w-centrum0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Center for Research in Economic Behavior"}}
Faculty
Array
Institute
Array
Ph.D. / Associate Professor Agata GąsiorowskaPsychologist, specializing in economic psychology
Professor
Yoram Bar-Tal

Tel Aviv University

Gąsiorowska, Agata
Bio
Tak
Permanent employee
Tak
Role in the Faculty
{"funkcja-na-wydziale0":{"Funkcja":"Dean's Representative for Research and Development","\u0141\u0105cznik":"at the","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Faculty of Psychology in Wroc\u0142aw"}}
Role in the Department
{"funkcja-w-katedrze0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Department of Economic Psychology"}}
Role in the Institute
{"funkcja-w-instytucie0":{"Funkcja":"Vice-Director","\u0141\u0105cznik":"of the","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Institute of Psychology"}}
Specialization
Psychologist, specializing in economic psychology
First and last name
Agata Gąsiorowska
Academic degree or title
Ph.D. / Associate Professor
City
wroclaw
Discipline
psychology
Position
profesor uczelni
Role in the Research Center
{"funkcja-w-centrum0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Center for Research in Economic Behavior"}}
Faculty
Array
Institute
Array
Ph.D. / Associate Professor Agata GąsiorowskaPsychologist, specializing in economic psychology
Ph.D.
Katarzyna Stasiuk

Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (MCSU) in Lublin

Gąsiorowska, Agata
Bio
Tak
Permanent employee
Tak
Role in the Faculty
{"funkcja-na-wydziale0":{"Funkcja":"Dean's Representative for Research and Development","\u0141\u0105cznik":"at the","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Faculty of Psychology in Wroc\u0142aw"}}
Role in the Department
{"funkcja-w-katedrze0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Department of Economic Psychology"}}
Role in the Institute
{"funkcja-w-instytucie0":{"Funkcja":"Vice-Director","\u0141\u0105cznik":"of the","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Institute of Psychology"}}
Specialization
Psychologist, specializing in economic psychology
First and last name
Agata Gąsiorowska
Academic degree or title
Ph.D. / Associate Professor
City
wroclaw
Discipline
psychology
Position
profesor uczelni
Role in the Research Center
{"funkcja-w-centrum0":{"Funkcja":"","\u0141\u0105cznik":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Center for Research in Economic Behavior"}}
Faculty
Array
Institute
Array
Ph.D. / Associate Professor Agata GąsiorowskaPsychologist, specializing in economic psychology
Ph.D.
Renata Maksymiuk

Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (MCSU) in Lublin