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Uniwersytet SWPS - Logo

Social distortion mechanisms in comparative judgments. Alternative explanations proposal in the context of model-matching feature

Social distortion mechanisms in comparative judgments. Alternative explanations proposal in the context of model-matching feature

principal investigator
Aleksandra Jaskółowska

project value: PLN 176,550
funding source : Ministry of Education and Science
discipline: psychology
research center: Institute of Psychology
location: Warsaw
duration: 2012 2013 2014 2015

Social distortions in comparative judgments may lead to the categorization of people and divisions and thus to depreciation of their values. The research project relates to the phenomenon known as Self-humanization (tendency to view themselves as more human than others). The planned study (also in cross cultural context) shall verify alternative interpretation of this phenomenon. Positive verification of the assumptions may have significant and original contribution to the ongoing discussion on the nature of the comparative judgments in the context of cross-cultural differences.

 

Research project

Social distortion mechanisms in comparative judgments

 Alternative explanations proposal in the context of model-matching featuresh

 

 

Research Unit
UNI SWPS english
Grant Amount
176 550 PLN
Funding Source
MNiSW logo EN

Duration of Research Project: 2012–2015

 

Social distortions in comparative judgments may lead to the categorization of people and divisions and thus to depreciation of their values. The research project relates to the phenomenon known as Self-humanization  (tendency to view themselves as more human than others). The planned study (also in cross cultural context) shall verify alternative interpretation of this phenomenon. Positive verification of the assumptions may have significant and original contribution to the ongoing discussion on the nature of the comparative judgments in the context of cross-cultural differences.

Research objectives

The research project concerns a wide class of phenomena known as biases in comparative judgments (e.g., the better-than-average effect, the under- and overestimation effects, self-humanizing). The project includes a critical analysis of existing empirical and theoretical achievements, including an analysis of the cognitive and motivational mechanisms responsible for the emergence of biases in comparative judgments. The primary focus of this project is an alternative explanation for the self-humanizing effect (the tendency of people to see themselves as more human than average person). This alternative explanation relates to the feature matching model of Tversky (1977). Our research (some of which is cross-cultural) is also relevant to the roles of 'hot' and 'cool' mechanisms of self-humanizing (motivational and cognitive factors). The aim of the project is to integrate two research approaches: research on infra-humanization and research on self-humanizing. The project is theoretically significant and will make a substantial contribution to the international discussion on the mechanisms of self-humanizing.

Research Team

Cypryańska-Nezlek, Marzena
Bio
Nie
Specialization
social psychology expert
Permanent employee
Tak
First and last name
Marzena Cypryańska-Nezlek
Academic degree or title
Ph.D. / Assistant Professor
City
warszawa
Discipline
psychology
Position
adiunkt
Role in the Faculty
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Role in the Department
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Role in the Institute
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Role in the Research Center
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Faculty
Array
Institute
Array
Ph.D. / Assistant Professor Marzena Cypryańska-Nezleksocial psychology expert
Associate Professor
Jerzy J. Karylowski

Research Advisor

His current research interests focus on analytical and intuitive modes of problem solving, cognitive representations of self and familiar others, and on comparative judgments.