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Research

Communion is the need to establish and maintain positive relationships with people. Agency is the need to achieve goals and to emphasize one’s own values. These concepts are commonly found in different cultures, their universal presence has given them the title of the “Big Two”. The research conducted by cooperating teams from SWPS University and the University of Koblenz-Landau will contribute to the understanding of the dimension of the “Big Two”.

 

RESEARCH PROJECT

CEEYouth

The comparative study of Poles and Lithuanians in the context of Brexit

 

 

Research UnitUNI SWPS english
Grant AmountPLN 955,920
Funding SourceNCN logo poziom en2

Duration of Research Project: October 2018 – September 2021

 

Since the 2004 European Union enlargement mobility of young Poles and Lithuanians significantly increased. For many of them Great Britain became a new home. The situation suddenly changed in June 2016 when the Brexit Referendum results were announced. Researchers from SWPS University and from Public Policy and Management Institute in Lithuania will conduct a research on types of risks that young migrants from Poland and Lithuania may face as a result of Great Britain leaving the Union.

Project Outline

This project will be an interdisciplinary study examining risks faced by young (19 to 34 years of age) Polish and Lithuanian migrants, who migrated to the UK since the 2004 EU enlargement, after the announcement of the results of Brexit Referendum. Moreover, the researchers will analyze the impact of subsequent Brexit consequences on the lives of Poles and Lithuanians, with particular emphasis on changes in the patterns of entering adulthood. The objectives of the project correspond to three main concepts: social anchoring, strategies and risks. The study aim to comparatively asses social anchoring of young Poles and Lithuanians in Great Britain, as well as to compare migrating youth from Poland and Lithuania (movers) with their peers who stayed in their country of origin (stayers). In addition, the project aim to analyze and compare trends in the latest return migration of young Poles and Lithuanians, and if possible to analyze the diversity of migratory behaviors of ethnic Poles and Lithuanians and ethnic Lithuanians from Poland staying in the UK.

The CEEYouth project assumes that the process of Brexit will force people into an institutional limbo creating uncertainty and tensions felt not only by the migrants themselves, but also by their families and friends in Poland and Lithuania, which may have significant influence on the process of their social anchorage. Other possible Brexit effects may include: the revision of ownership rights in the UK and the decrease of migrants’ trust in education, health care and the welfare state as systems guaranteeing basic needs. Moreover, the project assumes the disruption of the process of human capital accumulation (as a compensation for post-communism societies), decrease of self-esteem and self-confidence of migrants, as well as closing a way back to the country of origin to Lithuanians who were granted British citizenship.


Researchers identified some practical research assumptions according to which young migrants will use all institutional instruments, including applying for the status of a resident or citizenship, to stay in the UK for as long as possible. Migrants will also increase their efforts in the economic sphere to avoid ‘drifting’ in the labor market and will strive to improve their competences and raise their qualifications. In addition, young migrants may begin to formalize mixed partnerships or they may decide to return to the country of their origin or to a country other than the sending country.

CEEYouth [word play: see you] is a unique comparative research project on young Polish and Lithuanian migrants – two most mobile societies after the EU enlargement in May 2004. This project is a kind of social movie, which we will try to make using different research methods, such as asynchronous interviews and quantitative analyses, where we follow the trajectories of people, who emigrated to the UK. This project is a gift for the upcoming 15th Anniversary of Polish and Lithuanian membership of the EU.

Associate Professor Izabela Grabowska, Principal Investigator

Research Methods

The study will be conducted with a mix-methods approach. Researchers will conduct a comparative analysis of data mainly from Labor Force Survey, but also from other available sources. During the project the researchers will use an innovative qualitative research based on asynchronous interviews with 50 migrants for the period of two years. The interview will allow to collect data in a dynamic and longitudinal perspective. Another research method will be a Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI) conducted in native languages of migrants. This survey will allow researchers to reach young migrants from Poland and Lithuania who live in Great Britain, as well as the recent return migrants. The study involves a total of 600 interviews, 300 with migrants from Poland and Lithuania, of which 50 to 100 return migrants are to be included in the sample.

Application of Results

This study examines social changes in the making, as the consequences of the Brexit Referendum vote are still unraveling. Studies of the impact of the Referendum on the lives of young Poles and Lithuanians appear for the first time. The internationally published project results will allow to understand the actions taken by young migrants and will help to predict their life transitions, as well as develop new interdisciplinary fields of youth and migration studies.

 

Researchers

258 izabela grabowska

 Associate Professor

Izabela Grabowska

Principal Investigator
Sociologist and economist, specializing in research on employment market
bio »

258 hekiert2

 

Daniela Hekiert, Ph.D.

 postdoctoral researcher

someone

 

Agnieszka Trąbka, Ph.D.

researcher

someone

 

Paula Pustułka, Ph.D.

research team member

258 justyna sarnowska

 

Justyna Sarnowska,  Ph.D.

research team member

someone

 

Iga Wermińska-Wiśnicka,  M.A.

scholarship recipient

someone

 

Dominika Winogrodzka,  M.A.

collaborator and observer

someone

 

Mateusz Karolak, Ph.D.

collaborator and observer

 

 

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