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Attentional bias modification and depressive disorders

Attentional bias modification and depressive disorders

principal investigator
Izabela Krejtz
Ph.D. / Associate Professor

psychologist, specializing in determinants of wellbeing and eye-tracking research

Full bio
project value: PLN 392,880
funding source : National Science Center
discipline: psychology
research center: Institute of Psychology
location: Warsaw
duration: 2012 2013 2014 2015

It is estimated that almost 10 percent of general population suffers from depression, but not everyone has access to effective treatments. Nowadays, depression is treated primarily with pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. The effectiveness of these treatments is mainly dependant on patients’ motivation and engagement in the process of healing. Therefore, research into new and more effective ways of treatment is necessary. The research project led by Izabela Krejtz, Ph.D. will study the effectiveness of attention bias modification trainings in treating depressive disorders.

 

Research Project

Attentional bias modification and depressive disorders

Research Unit
Grant Amount
 392 880 PLN
Funding Source
NCN logo poziom en2

Duration of Research Project: 2012–2015

It is estimated that almost 10 percent of general population suffers from depression, but not everyone has access to effective treatments. Nowadays, depression is treated primarily with pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. The effectiveness of these treatments is mainly dependant on patients’ motivation and engagement in the process of healing. Therefore, research into new and more effective ways of treatment is necessary. The research project led by Izabela Krejtz, Ph.D. will study the effectiveness of attention bias modification trainings in treating depressive disorders.

Research objectives

The main aim of our research is to verify the basic concepts of cognitive psychopathology, which state that the attention biases are the underlying causes of depressive and anxiety disorders. The most significant cognitive theories imply that attention bias in the direction of negative stimuli, or a tendency to preferential processing of negative information, plays a central role in the development and the persistence of anxiety and depressive disorders.

Another important goal of our research is to estimate the effectiveness of attention bias modification trainings in treating depressive disorders.

The number of declining depressive symptoms will be measured with the help of a daily measure: the diary of daily events. Due to this tool, we will be able to evaluate the effectiveness of trainings in real life. In order to check the efficacy of measurement, additional tools will be used, such as questionnaires examining the levels of depression and anxiety before and after trainings and eye tracking data providing information on existing attention biases. Eye tracking will provide more objective data allowing the assessment of the level of modification generated by trainings.

The project supports research on depression and its treatment. Positive results will help to integrate trainings as a complementary tool for psychotherapeutic help for depressive patients.

Research Team

Nezlek, John
Bio
Nie
Permanent employee
Tak
First and last name
John Nezlek
Role in the Faculty
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Role in the Department
{"funkcja-w-katedrze0":{"Funkcja":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Department of Methodology and Psychological Assessment"}}
Role in the Institute
{"funkcja-w-instytucie0":{"Funkcja":"","Nazwa w mianowniku":"Institute of Psychology"}}
Role in the Research Center
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Specialization
Psychologist
Academic degree or title
Ph.D.
City
poznan
Discipline
psychology
Faculty
Array
Institute
Array
Position
profesor uczelni
Ph.D. John Nezlekpsycholog społeczny, zajmuje się metodologią badań psychologicznych
Doctor of Medical Sciences
Paweł Holas

Psychiatrist, psychotherapist, cognitive behavioral therapy supervisor, Assisstant Professor at the Medical University of Warsaw

M.A.
Marzena Rusanowska

Ph.D. candidate at the Jagiellonian University, holds M.A. Degrees in Psychology and English Studies

Publications

  • Marzena Rusanowska, (2014). Attentional retraining in depressive disorders. Eye tracking research and applications symposium. Data konferencji: 26-28.03.2014, str. 381-382, miejsce wydania: ACM New York.

  • Nezlek J.B., Rusanowska M., Holas P., Krejtz I. (submitted). The Factor Structure of a Polish Language Version of the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS). Manuscript prepared for European Journal of Psychological Assessment.

  • Nezlek J., Holas P., Rusanowska M., Krejtz I. (12/2015). Being present in the moment: Event-level relationships between mindfulness and stress, positivity, and importance. Personality and Individual Differences. http://dxdoi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.031.

  • Szczepanik N., Szymczyk B., Rusanowska M., Holas P., Krejtz I., Nezlek J. (2015). Właściwości języka osób cierpiących na zaburzenia emocjonalne i osobowości – analiza treści opisów codziennych wydarzeń. Psychiatria i Psychoterapia.